Galkayo, also known as Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio, is the capital of the north-central Mudug region of Somalia. The city of Galkayo is divided into two administrative areas separated by a distinct boundary, with 3 of the 4 districts governed by the Puntland State and one southern district governed by Galmudug state.
Geographically Galkayo town is divided into four main neighborhoods. Puntland state controls neighborhoods of Garsoor, Horumar and Israac while Galmudug state controls Wadajir neighborhood.
Following independence, Galkayo was made the center of the Galkayo District. The city has grown considerably in recent times and serves as a commercial hub. According to the UNDP it had a population of 137,667 in 2005.
Galkayo has a hot arid climate (Köppen BWh). Coldest average temperatures occur during the winter months of November to February, when thermometer readings range from 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F). The weather slowly heats up in the spring, as the April rainy season begins. Average temperatures later reach a maximum of around 41 °C over the summer period. Come September, a gradual fall chill starts to set in again.